What is Keratoconus and How Is It Treated?

Keratokonus Tedavisi

 

What is Keratoconus Disease?

Keratoconus disease can be defined as the bright and transparent layer at the front of the eye that looks thinner and conical to the front over time. Keratoconus affects the refractive power of the cornea and causes moderate to severe astigmatism and blurring what you see. It is generally more common in women. In the advanced stage of this disease, swelling and whitening of the cornea are observed.

What are the Symptoms of Creatoconus Disease and Who Can Be Seen?

This disease usually passes with genetic features and occurs in almost one in every 2,000 people. It is generally seen as high degree of astigmatism or keratoconus in the vicinity of patients with keratoconus. The biggest complaint of patients with this disease is changing the glasses numbers frequently and visual impairment increases. This disease can also occur from the thinning of the transparent layer of the eye after surgery on eyes that are not suitable for Excimer Laser treatment.

How Precautions Should Be Taken?

As with any disease, early diagnosis and treatment is very important in this disease. In order to realize this, individuals, especially those with such a discomfort in their vicinity, should pay more attention and have their checks done by the specialist. Families should also take their children to check-ups on a regular basis, and it is important for them to prevent detailed eye health problems. This disease causes behaviors that trigger disease due to scratching and rubbing frequently, especially in allergic eye problems. Therefore, eye examination is important in people with eye allergies. If this disease, which is difficult to diagnose early, is not prevented, a process leading up to blindness is followed.

What are the Treatment Methods of Creatoconus?

Special contact lenses are used at the beginning of the disease. The use of lenses is also not a measure to stop its progression. These lenses correct the person's astigmatism and provide a clearer viewing angle. Over time, this method becomes insufficient as the disease progresses and vision decreases gradually. As another treatment method, corneal transplantation can be performed in surgery. Of course, this transplant is accepted as the last treatment method because of the low donors, its being expensive and the possibility of rejection of the tissue. The method of treatment that is used effectively in recent years; Corneal Cross Linking not only stops the progression of the disease, but it can also increase vision in some patients.

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