Eye Blood Pressure (Glaucoma) means higher than normal intraocular pressure (IOP). If left untreated, high eye pressure can cause glaucoma and permanent vision loss in some people. However, some people may have ocular hypertension without harming their eyes or vision as determined by a comprehensive eye examination and visual field test.
Researchers found that 9.4% of people aged 40 and over had high eye pressure.
How Can You Know If You Have Eye Blood Pressure?
It is difficult to determine if you have eye pressure because there are no external symptoms such as eye pain or red eyes. It can only be detected by an ophthalmologist.
If we imagine our eyes as a pressure-inflated world, you can better understand why eye pressure should be monitored. The pressure that is too high or continues to increase exerts a force inside the eye that can damage the sensitive optic nerve.
What Causes Eye Blood Pressure?
Normally, liquid, called aqueous humor, flows through your eyes through a mesh-like channel. If this channel is clogged, fluid will accumulate. The reason for the blockage is unknown, but doctors know that it can be inherited, that is, it passes from parents to children.
Less common causes include a chemical injury to your eye, severe eye infection, blocked blood vessels in the eye. It is rare, but sometimes eye surgery can correct this to correct another condition. Usually it can be worse than the other in one that will affect both eyes.
Who can see glaucoma?
It mostly affects adults over the age of 40, but young adults, children, and even babies can have eye pressure.
Family with eye pressure
Who have diabetes
Those who have experienced trauma after an accident in the eyes
What are the symptoms?
The first sign is often a loss of peripheral or side vision. The disease can progress unnoticed. For this reason, glaucoma is often referred to as the "hidden vision thief".
To diagnose glaucoma early, you need to have a full examination with an ophthalmologist every 1-2 years. Rarely, pressure in the eye may rise to severe levels. In such cases, sudden eye pain, headache, blurred vision, or halos may appear around the lights.
How Is It Treated?
Your doctor may use eye drops, laser surgery, or microsurgery to lower the pressure in the eye.
Eye Drops: These either reduce the formation of fluid in the eye or increase its flow, thereby reducing eye pressure. Side effects may include allergies, redness, pain, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma medications can also affect your heart and lungs. Be sure to tell your doctor about any other medicines you are taking or are allergic to.
Laser Surgery: This procedure can slightly increase the flow of fluid in the eye for people with open-angle glaucoma. If you have an angle-closure glaucoma, it may stop fluid occlusion.
Microsurgery: In a procedure called trabeculectomy, the doctor creates a new channel to drain fluid and ease eye pressure. Sometimes this form of glaucoma surgery fails and needs to be done again. Your doctor may place a tube to help drain the fluid. Surgery carries a risk of temporary or permanent vision loss, as well as bleeding or infection.
Can Eye Blood Pressure be Prevented?
Eye pressure cannot be prevented, but if it is diagnosed and treated early, you can control the disease.